vineyard

This hashtag in English

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A vineyard (/ˈvɪnjərd/ VIN-yərd, also UK: /ˈvɪnjɑːrd/ VIN-yard) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice. The science, practice and study of vineyard production is known as viticulture. Vineyards are often characterised by their terroir, a French term loosely translating as "a sense of place" that refers to the specific geographical and geological characteristics of grapevine plantations, which may be imparted to the wine itself.

The earliest evidence of wine production dates from between 6000 and 5000 BC. Wine making technology improved considerably with the ancient Greeks but it wasn't until the end of the Roman Empire that cultivation techniques as we know them were common throughout Europe.

In medieval Europe the Church was a staunch supporter of wine, which was necessary for the celebration of the Mass. During the lengthy instability of the Middle Ages, the monasteries maintained and developed viticultural practices, having the resources, security, stability and interest in improving the quality of their vines. They owned and tended the best vineyards in Europe and vinum theologium was considered superior to all others.

European vineyards were planted with a wide variety of the Vitis vinifera grape. However, in the late 19th century, the entire species was nearly destroyed by the plant louse phylloxera accidentally introduced to Europe from North America. Native American grapevines include varieties such as Vitis labrusca, which is resistant to the bug. Vitis vinifera varieties were saved by being grafted onto the rootstock of Native American varieties, although there is still no remedy for phylloxera, which remains a danger to any vineyard not planted with grafted rootstock.

The quest for vineyard efficiency has produced a bewildering range of systems and techniques in recent years. Due to the often much more fertile New World growing conditions, attention has focussed heavily on managing the vine's more vigorous growth. Innovation in palissage (training of the vine, usually along a trellis, and often referred to as "canopy management") and pruning and thinning methods (which aim to optimize the Leaf Area/Fruit (LA/F) ratio relative to a vineyard's microclimate) have largely replaced more general, traditional concepts like "yield per unit area" in favor of "maximizing yield of desired quality". Many of these new techniques have since been adopted in place of traditional practice in the more progressive of the so-called "Old World" vineyards.

Other recent practices include spraying water on vines to protect them from sub-zero temperatures (aspersion), new grafting techniques, soil slotting, and mechanical harvesting. Such techniques have made possible the development of wine industries in New World countries such as Canada. Today there is increasing interest in developing organic, ecologically sensitive and sustainable vineyards. Biodynamics has become increasingly popular in viticulture. The use of drip irrigation in recent years has expanded vineyards into areas which were previously unplantable.

For well over half a century, New York's Cornell University, the University of California, Davis, and California State University, Fresno, among others, have been conducting scientific experiments to improve viticulture and educate practitioners. The research includes developing improved grape varieties and investigating pest control. The International Grape Genome Program is a multi-national effort to discover a genetic means to improving quality, increasing yield and providing a "natural" resistance to pests.

The implementation of mechanical harvesting is often stimulated by changes in labor laws, labor shortages, and bureaucratic complications. It can be expensive to hire labor for short periods of time, which does not square well with the need to reduce production costs and harvest quickly, often at night. However, very small vineyards, incompatible widths between rows of grape vines and steep terrain hinder the employment of machine harvesting even more than the resistance of traditional views which reject such harvesting.

Numbers of New World vineyard plantings have been increasing almost as fast as European vineyards are being uprooted. Between 1990 and 2003, the number of U.S. vineyards increased from 1,180 to 3,860 km2 or 292,000 to 954,000 acres, while Australian vineyard numbers more than doubled from 590 to 1,440 km2 (146,000 to 356,000 acres) and Chilean vineyards grew from 654 to 1,679 km2 (161,500 to 415,000 acres).[citation needed] The size of individual vineyards in the New World is significant. Europe's 1.6 million vineyards are an average of 0.2 km2 (49 acres) each, while the average Australian vineyard is 0.5 km2 (120 acres), providing considerable economies of scale. Exports to Europe from New World growers increased by 54% in the six years up to 2006.

There have also been significant changes in the kinds of grapes that are grown. For example, in Chile, large areas of low-quality grapes have been replaced with such grapes as Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon.

In Argentina, due to an economic down-turn, acreage of Malbec was significantly reduced in the 1980s, but in the 1990s, during the quality revolution incited by Malbec Pioneer Nicolás Catena Zapata, growers started planting more Malbec, most notably in higher altitudes where cooler temperatures and more intense sunlight yields more concentrated yet smoother and more complex malbecs. Grape changes are often in response to changing consumer demand but sometimes result from vine pull schemes designed to promote vineyard change. Alternatively, the development of "T" budding now permits the grafting of a different grape variety onto existing rootstock in the vineyard, making it possible to switch varieties within a two-year period.[citation needed]

Local legislation often dictates which varieties are selected, how they are grown, whether vineyards can be irrigated and exactly when grapes can be harvested, all of which in serves to reinforce tradition. Changes in the law can also change which grapes are planted. For example, during Prohibition in the U.S. (1920–1933), vineyards in California expanded sevenfold to meet the increasing demand for home-brewing. However, they were largely planted in varieties with tough skins that could be transported across the country to home wine-makers and the resulting wine was of a low quality.[citation needed]

According to the International Organisation of Vine and Wine, in April 2015, China (799,000 hectares or 1,970,000 acres) overtook France (792,000 hectares or 1,960,000 acres) in terms of land devoted to vineyards, in second place behind Spain (1,000,200 hectares or 2,472,000 acres), the world's largest producer.

Terroir refers to the combination of natural factors associated with any particular vineyard. These factors include things such as soil, underlying rock, altitude, slope of hill or terrain, orientation toward the sun, and microclimate (typical rain, winds, humidity, temperature variations, etc.). No two vineyards have exactly the same terroir, although any difference in the resulting wine may be virtually undetectable.

Vineyards are often on located on hillsides and planted in soil that is of only marginal value to other plants. A common saying is that "the worse the soil, the better the wine." Planting on hillsides, especially those facing north (in the southern hemisphere) or south (in the northern hemisphere), is most often in an attempt to maximize the amount of sunlight that falls on the vineyard. For this reason, some of the best wines come from vineyards planted on quite steep hills, conditions which would make most other agricultural products uneconomic. The stereotypical vineyard site for wine grapes (in the Northern hemisphere) is a hillside in a dry climate with a southern exposure, good drainage to reduce unnecessary water uptake, and balanced pruning to force the vine to put more of its energy into the fruit, rather than foliage.

The terroir philosophy is predominately French in origin, the flavour and character of the place defining the individuality and the special attributes of wines and combined with hundreds of years of the finest wine making traditions, terroir gives wines their distinctive taste and signature. However, wildfires in California and Australia have also influenced the character of vineyard plantations and grapes in those areas.

A vignette is a 500-square-metre vineyard which is part of a larger consolidated vineyard.[citation needed] Investors purchase a piece of land within a vineyard, and outsource the grape maintenance and production operations to an outside grape grower or wine producers. Because they are contracting under a co-operative structure, they benefit from economies of scale and hence cheaper labour and operational costs.

Strong Martha’s Vineyard vibes here. UN Sec Gen travels as much, flies commercial.
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Built in 1870, The Pink House is one of the most well-known cottages in Martha's Vineyard! Peek inside for gothic d…
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Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Ma…
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RT @FLLauresham: February in the manor. This month we will focus on interesting tasks like willowharvest, maintaining the vineyard, prepari…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @NthnShrtofGREAT: If it ain’t monogrammed then it’s Vineyard Vines 💁🏽‍♀️ #ReyesRugrats 💙💗
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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The latest Wine of the Week is an intense Syrah from a California vineyard at 2,500 feet that tastes like salty pro…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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Vineyard Recreation has opened registration for a 2021 Youth Summer COED Kickball League for 3rd-4th Graders! Early…
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POOR BABY" MICHELLE OBAMA – $11.75 MILLION, MARTHA’S VINEYARD
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RT @SenMarkey: Joe Biden's Department of @Interior just announced that the Vineyard Wind project is back on track—a big win for Massachuset…
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Today @BOEM_DOI announced that it will resume the environmental review of Vineyard Wind’s proposed offshore wind pr…
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Vineyard Wind is back on track let's hope the promise of "good-paying jobs" becomes a reality for Cape and Island r…
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I saw a/n opossum in Palau playing Dogs in the Vineyard while listening to Denzel Curry
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Happy Book Birthday, @ninabocci! 🎉🎈📚🎧☕️. Listen to A Vineyard Valentine by Nina Bocci on Audible.…
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@AnnastaciaMP Great news, any word on Martha's vineyard election promise please? Would be wonderful if you could se…
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A Cupid is Stupid party sounds delightful to me! You've never heard a Valentine’s romance like this! ‘The Vineyard…
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Staying at a Vineyard in East Sussex: Rathfinny Wine Estate Review via @oanaroua
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RT @DaveAtherton20: This is @BarackObama's home in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. They bought it for $14,85 million. On the sea they do…
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Feds Put Vineyard Wind Back On Permitting Front Burner via @earthwhilewbur
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Church members have met near Ohio State's campus for years.​
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Come Live, Work, & Play on Martha's Vineyard Island! #JobsInGreatPlaces
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RT @Decanter: Known for pioneering techniques in the vineyard and the winery, @RemirezdeGanuza makes avant-garde wines that are still a con…
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From ice cream parlors to jewelry shops, the Cape and Vineyard are home to dozens of small businesses. Learn more a…
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@Nyx_19 😂😂😂😂Fam. One of my rich ass friends did at Martha’s Vineyard and I never wanted to go back home again.
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RT @AtaraxiaWines: Today’s vineyard update: we wait in eager anticipation for Nature to gently coax the King of Grapes #pinotnoir to comple…
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RT @Stable_Sports: Girls varsity basketball at BHS vs. Martha's Vineyard at 3:30 pm, Boys varsity basketball to follow at 5:30 pm. No JV g…
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RT @DaveAtherton20: This is @BarackObama's home in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. They bought it for $14,85 million. On the sea they do…
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@vineyard_puddle 突っかかってはいるんだよね…でも元気がないのよ…落ち着いてきちゃってるし…老いると確実に若い時より元気なくす人いるから…そうですね!青く見える!若々しいw
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We just want to say that we are missing everyone at the Vineyard Market!! Thank You to everyone who has suppor…
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@PolariChat Stop being so pedantic and go for it 😆😆🤣 you’ll never know you he might have vineyard all that 😆😉
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RT @Swich_Athletics: Today (at home): 🏀 Boys vs. Martha's Vineyard * Varsity at 3:30pm * JV to follow * Sandwich spectators, only Go Knig…
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RT @Swich_Athletics: Today (on the road): 🏀 Girls at Martha's Vineyard * JV at 2:45pm * Varsity at 4pm * MV spectators, only Go Knights!…
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RT @mvyoga: Virtual Mom & Baby #Yoga offered by Martha's Vineyard Family Center on Saturdays from 10-11am in Februa…
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Private. Peaceful and your own kitchen ... you want a longer and self-catering stay? Yes please! #thevineyard…
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@realhomomarcus @asheflynn Absolutely!! I live on Martha’s Vineyard and people abide by the rules here!! I feel ex…
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Vineyard student vaccination rates for students trail state by wide margin
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Vineyard Worship - All Hail King Jesus
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Red sky in morning brings sailors warning!! Good day from Martha’s Vineyard 💙 #JusticeCharlesTMorgan 7/26/61-8/2…
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RT @Vilafonte: On the vine sorting. Pure attention to detail at every step. Before harvest can commence winegrower Edward Pietersen and…
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School roundup: Gourdine leads @Stable_Sports girls hoops past @MVRHSAthletics via…
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Come Live, Work, & Play on Martha's Vineyard Island! #JobsInGreatPlaces
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Vineyard Worship’s single of the month for February, “You Don’t Have to Lose Heart”, is a timely song of encouragem…
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“We should not count on individual talents to assure the successful cultivation of the portion of the Lord’s vineya…
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Do you need a wine lounge? Hint: the answer it yes... via Vineyard Wine Cellars
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Deuteronomy 24 21 When thou gathers grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the…
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Row 12 of the Bacchus vines, in one of the vineyard at Chapel Down.
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Elegant Saint Helena Vineyard Wedding
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Sangiovese vineyards | Chianti, Italy
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vineyards in the fall.
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February is a gorgeous month in southern California...a beautiful time for visiting local wineries, the skies are bluer than blue thi...
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Sterling Vineyards in Napa Valley (Calistoga) allows you to stomp grapes with your feet and then create a t-shirt with your wine footprints as a fun memento. They have an aerial tram to the top of their property with beautiful views (only winery in the world with a gondola ride!). Beginning of October is Crush when the grapes are harvested. Recommends Carpe Diem Wine Bar for dinner and Andaz Napa Hotel in downtown Napa
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A California Vineyard Wedding with a Crisp, Neutral Color Palette
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The Napa Valley in California
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Castello della Volta and vineyards near Barolo, Italy. © Brian Jannsen Photography
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Feb 4, 2021 15:40
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Visited the #vineyard #vineyards #vineyardlife #vineyardviews #vineyardwedding #vineyardhaven #weekends #weekendaway #weekendvibes #weekendfun #weekendfun❤️ #pickinggrapes #grapes #grapes🍇 #grapevines #grapefruit #grapevine #foodblogger #foodlovers #foodphotography #freshfruit #tourismwa #swanvalley #perthisokay #perthlockdown #perthisok #perthlife #perthblogger #pertheats #perthevents
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#freshfruit #pertheats #vineyardlife #vineyardwedding #weekendfun
Feb 4, 2021 15:42
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I desperately missed Chianti wine so here’s what I got today. The bottles from Nittardi Winery who owns vineyards in Chianti Classico & Maremma. There’s intriguing fact that renaissance artist Michelangelo used to own this winery in 16th Century. Casanuova Di Nittardi 100% Sansiovese / The grapes are harvested in single vineyard “Vigna Doghessa” Ad Astra Sangiovese 50%, Cabernet Sauvignon 25%, Merlot 20%, Cabernet Franc 5% / The grapes are harvested in Maremma region. . . . . . . . #wine #winestagram #winelover #winetasting #winestudy #와인 #와인스타그램 #와인테이스팅 #와인러버 #와인공부 #vineyard #winery #vin #vinho #vino #tinto #italy #italywine #toscana #chianti #maremma #chianticlassico #nittardi #michelangelo #sangiovese #cabernetsauvignon #merlot #cabernetfranc
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#italywine #italy #chianticlassico #winetasting #cabernetfranc
Feb 4, 2021 15:42
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"D'inverno la natura dorme E quando sogna appare la nebbia. Camminare dentro la nebbia è come curiosare nel sogno della natura." Bruno Munari #tommasospaziani #aziendaagricolatommasospaziani #ilovemyjob #life #job #joblife #jobopportunity #nature #naturephotography #lavorointenso #lavoroagricolo #agricolturanelsangue #mattina #vigneto #cammino #travaille #jetravaille #terra #land #vineyard #wine #potaturainvernale #vigna #nebbia #fog #brunomunari #designer #sky #sun #giovedimattina
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#fog #lavorointenso #lavoroagricolo #nebbia #mattina
Feb 4, 2021 15:43
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Dias atarefados graças aos vossos pedidos para a nossa loja online. Obrigado a todos pelo carinho e preferência! ❤ Um orgulho saber que contam connosco. Deste lado vamos continuar a fazer o melhor! 😉🥂 ⁣ ➡️ Loja no link da Bio⁣⁣ ➡️ código desconto 15%: PromoAdm⁣ ⁣⁣ #fiqueemcasa #vinhoemcasa #adegamae #atlanticwines #lojaonline #winestore #adegamaewines #vineyard #lisbonwines #atlanticwines #lisbon #oeste #lissabone #lisboa #portugalwines #winery #winelover #wine #visitportugal #visitlisboa #winetourism #lisbon #enoturismo
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#lisbon #lojaonline #winestore #atlanticwines #lissabone
Feb 4, 2021 15:47
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Le giornate di potatura procedono a pieni ritmi...per preparare i vigneti alla nuova stagione vegetativa 🌱 . #CantinaBorgoverde #BorgoverdeVini
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#cantinaborgoverde #borgoverdevini
Feb 4, 2021 15:47
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Il cesanese è il vitigno autoctono a bacca nera che meglio rappresenta la vitivinicoltura del Lazio. Si distinguono due biotipi principali di cesanese: 🟡quello comune, diffuso in varie località del Lazio, 🟡e quello di Affile che invece ha una presenza limitata alla provincia di Roma. 🍇I vini che vengono prodotti sono molto versatili, per cui il Cesanese si trova nelle tipologie secco o dolce, fermo ma anche frizzante o spumante. I vini che si ottengono dal Cesanese d’Affile hanno solitamente più struttura e maggiore propensione all'invecchiamento, infatti è considerato l’unico vero grande rosso da invecchiamento nel Lazio. La sua maturazione avviene in genere in botti grandi ma anche in barrique, il cui tono tostato però non sovrasta quasi mai la struttura del vino. 🍷I vini Cesanese hanno colore rosso rubino con tendenza al granato che si accentua con l’invecchiamento. Al naso sono delicati con sensazioni di frutti di bosco, spezie e violetta. In bocca sono generalmente di corpo, non molto tannici, leggermente amarognoli, intensi e di ottima struttura. 🥩🧀🥓Si abbinano a piatti a base di carni rosse, formaggi di media stagionatura e selvaggina. . Se sei curioso di scoprire un'etichetta per questo autoctono del Lazio, vai sulla mia pagina! ➡️ @gaabrjella_winestyle Link in bio #uva #vino #wine #gaabrjellawinestyle #winelover #grapes #italy #italia #nature #lazio #winery #food #instawine #natura #winetasting #vigna #vineyard #instagood #redwine #frutta #vigneto #sommelier #cesanese #naturephotography #vigneti
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#vineyard #vigneti #natura #winetasting #instagood
Feb 4, 2021 15:49
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So while we wait for Sir Richard Branson to show up for lunch one of the waiters suggested we take a wine tour - I mean why would we say no?! He took us to the distillery and talked us through the process of how wine is made. It actually got us so interested that we signed up to a wine appreciation online course when we got home to learn more! 🌍 : South Africa 📍 : Franschhoek 🍷 : Mont Rochelle - @montrochellewine #southafrica #travel #travelphotography #travelgram #travelblogger #traveltheworld #travelling #wanderlust #wanderlusting #wanderlusters #drink #photography #love #photooftheday #instagood #picoftheday #instagram #photo #beautiful #like #instatravel #winetasting #adventure #follow #vino #franschhoek #summer #winetram #vineyard #wine
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#picoftheday #instagood #photooftheday #vino #photo
Feb 4, 2021 15:52
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Ok, hands up if you’ve ever had a few too many wines and thought it would be a good idea to jump the fence to fondle some grapes 🙋🏼‍♀️ . #wine #winetasting #wineinfluencer #grapes #winelover #vineyard #vines #winelife #winelifestyle #winecountry #winetravel #winestyle #roadtrips #wineoclock #leatherbag #winegifts #oops #winetour #winetrip #winestagram #winegirl #winefun #vineyardvines #cheekysmile #luxurygifts #luxurygirl #winenot #wineo #valentinesgift #tilvini
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#winestagram #winelife #cheekysmile #winegifts #vineyardvines
Feb 4, 2021 15:55
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Boxed wine would make a great gift for your loved ones and yourself! #PortaCaeli #CaeliExperience #Çanakkkale #Eceabat #Viticulture #Wine #portacaelivineyards #caeliwinery #vineyard
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#viticulture #vineyard #wine #portacaeli #caeliexperience
Feb 4, 2021 15:55
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Rural France. Dordogne #b&bdordogne #lejardin #lejardin-sarlat #sarlat #dordogne #dordognevalley #dordognetourisme #dordognefrance #hoteldordogne #mydordogne #acquitaine #sarlattourisme #sarlattourism #bookdirect #alwaysbookdirect #bookdirectandsave
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#bookdirectandsave #dordogne #sarlattourisme #lejardin