Gorakhpur is a city along the banks of the Rapti river in the Purvanchal region of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated 273 kilometres north-east of the state capital Lucknow. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur district, North Eastern Railway Zone and Gorakhpur division. The city is home to the Gorakhnath Math, a Gorakhnath temple. The city also has an Indian Air Force station, since 1963. Gita Press, the world's largest publisher of Hindu religious texts is also located in Gorakhpur.
The name "Gorakhpur" comes from the Sanskrit Gorakshapuram, which means abode of Gorakhnath, a renowned ascetic who was a prominent saint of the Nath Sampradaya.
Gorakhpur is situated about 100 km from the Nepal border, 193 km from Varanasi, 260 km from Patna and 273 km from Lucknow. It is one of the flood vulnerable districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, with extreme events occurring every three to four years. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, which are an annual occurrence in some areas, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, as well as damage to public and private property.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).
As of 2011 Indian Census, Gorakhpur had a total population of 673,446, of which 353,907 were males and 319,539 were females. It has a sex ratio of 903 females per 1000 males. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 69,596. Gorakhpur had a literary rate of 75.2%, of which male literacy was 79.4% and female literacy was 70.6%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Gorakhpur was 83.9%, of which male literacy rate was 88.7% and female literacy rate was 78.6%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 62,728 and 2,929 respectively. Gorakhpur had 112,237 households in 2011.
According to a 2020 report, 31 villages have been incorporated in the municipal corporation limits increasing the population to over 1 million. The city area has also increased from 145.5 sq km in 2011 to 226.6 km sq km.
Gorakhpur is connected through rail network and Gorakhpur railway station. As of November 2020, it has the world's longest platform of 1366 metres. In February 2020, 100 flowering pots with the support structures were made and installed on the hydrant pipe at platform No.2 to increase the plantation and natural cover, using local resources of the Gorakhpur coaching depot.
The station offers Class A-1 railway station facilities. On 6 October 2013, Gorakhpur has the world's Longest Railway platform, after inauguration of the remodelled Gorakhpur Yard, with a stretch of around 1,355.40 metres (0.84 mi).
Gorakhpur is the headquarters of North Eastern Railways.
An Air Force station of Indian Air Force was established in Gorakhpur in 1963 and extended for public transport. Named Mahayogi Gorakhnath Airport.
The proposed Gorakhpur metro system will consist of two corridors, Shyam Nagar-Suba Bazar and Gularhia- Nausad. Both will cover a distance of 27.41 km (17.03 mi) and both corridor will have 27 metro station.
Gorakhpur has two universities named Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University and Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, two medical college named Baba Raghav Das Medical College and AIIMS and a sports college named Veer Bahadur Singh Sports College.
Gorakhnath Makar Sankranti Temple Fare
Ramgarh Tal Lake
Gorakhpur Street Art on Wall in memory of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Wall art depicted toSave Daughter, Educate Daughter
Gita Press (a non-profit organization), the largest publisher of Hindu religious texts in the world