Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. According to the Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated Districts of India on the basis of the 2011 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 68 km.
An early history of Bulandshahr and its origin of name is given by British District magistrate and collector for the Indian Civil Service, Frederic Salmon Growse, in a paper titled "Bulandshahr Antiquities" published in the Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1879. Bulandshahr was founded as 'Baran' by the king Ahibaran.
Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as "high city", (Persian: بلند شهر), which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language during the Mughal era.
Growse's discoveries in the 1880s showed that Baran was inhabited by Buddhists between 400 and 600AD.
The kingdom of Baran came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his general Qutubuddin Aibak surrounded Fort Baran and conquered it and the Raja Chandrasen Dodiya was killed and Aibak took control of the Baran kingdom.
The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the State Museum Lucknow.
Raja Lachhman Singh (1826-1896), who served the government from 1847 and wrote a Statistical Memoir of the Bulandshahr District, moved to Bulandshahr following retirement.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is generally associated with the surrounding areas such Meerut, Delhi and Aligarh. On 20 May 1857, the 9th regiment of Bulandshahr looted the treasury at Bulandshahr. Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall was subsequently appointed assistant magistrate of Bulandshahr, and Lord Roberts was also present in the district.
Hindi scholar, archaeologist and district magistrate and collector of Bulandshahr from 1876 to 1884, Frederic Growse, resided at Collector's House, Bulandshahr. In 1884 he published Bulandshahr; or, Sketches of an Indian district; social, historical and architectural.
Raja Babu Park had been constructed in Bulandshahr in 1837, and a statue of Queen Victoria was placed there in 1901, when the park was renamed ‘Maharani Victoria Park’.
Garden Gate, Bulandshahr (1880s)
Town Hall Bulandshahr. North Verandah (Chunni Lál)
Collector's House, Bulandshahr, image from text of 1886.
Following India's independence, ‘Maharani Victoria Park’ was renamed after Shri Rajeshwar Dayal Saxena (Raja Babu), president of the Civil Bar Association and later president of Municipal Board, Bulandshahar. Later it was renamed again back to 'Raja Babu Park'. In 1969 a statue of ‘Mahatma Gandhi’was established in the park.
The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 68 km. It lies in the Bulandshahr District on the Agra to Delhi Road, and is surrounded by Delhi, Meerut, Moradabad, Badaun and Aligarh.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bulandshahr urban agglomeration had a population of 235,310, out of which males were 125,549 and females were 111,761. Population in the age groups of 0 to 6 years was 30,886. The total number of literates were 160,203, of which 90,761 were males and 69,442 were females. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population was 78.37%.
Bulandshahr is one of seven administrative sub-divisions of the District of Bulandshahr.
Bulandshahr has four gates; Bunford Club Gate, Fatehganj Gate, Growseganj Gate and Moti Bagh Gate.
The town hosts an annual exhibition known as 'numaish'.
Bulandshahr Railway Station
Bulandshahr street frontages 2012
Sunaro wali galli
Cow on street
Maman road, Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr vegetable market
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