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Bask in the beauty of the cryosphere ❄️⁣ ⁣ Our Operation IceBridge mission sent flights across regions of the Arctic and Antarctic from 2009 to 2019, gathering data on ice elevation until the successful launch of IceSat-2, our current ice-measuring satellite. Among many accomplishments, the team mapped 200 glaciers along Greenland’s coastal areas over their decade of work, as well as coastal areas, the interior of the Greenland Ice Sheet and high-priority areas in Antarctica. The hundreds of terabytes of data on changing ice sheets the team collected will fuel science for years to come. Swipe through for a selection of some of the most striking photographs taken by the IceBridge team. ⁣ ⁣ Images 1,4 Credit: Michael Studinger Image 3,7 Credit: NASA/Maria-Jose Viñas Images 2,5,8 Credit: NASA/John Sonntag Image 6 Credit: NASA Image 9 Credit: NASA/Jim Yungel Image 10 Credit: NASA/Joe MacGregor⁣ ⁣ #ice #nasa #antarctica #arctic #greenland #cryosphere
“For once I’m flying higher than a bar-headed goose.”⁣ ⁣ Before Jessica Meir (@astro_jessica) was an astronaut on board the International Space Station (@ISS), she studied comparative physiology at the University of British Columbia. As a part of her research, she hand-raised a dozen bar-headed geese — the highest-flying birds on the planet. Twice a year, these extraordinary creatures migrate from China and Mongolia to India. Their 5,000-mile (~8,000 km) journey takes them across the Himalayas, which Meir has captured here from space. ⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA / Jessica Meir⁣ ⁣ #nasa #earth #himalayas
Completely invisible, yet unbelievably influential. 💫 ⁣ ⁣ According to new research from @sofiatelescope, spiral galaxies like the Milky Way are shaped by magnetic fields. These magnetic fields are invisible to the human eye. ⁣ ⁣ However, by combining imagery from @NASAHubble, the Nuclear Spectroscopic Array and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, the magnetic fields become apparent. In this image, scientists measured the magnetic fields along the spiral arms of the galaxy called NGC 1068. The fields are shown as streamlines that closely follow the circling arms.⁣ ⁣ Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA/SOFIA; NASA/JPL-Caltech/Roma Tre Univ.⁣ ⁣ #nasa #space #magnetic #galaxy
Wait for it... 💥 Why did engineers push this rocket tank beyond its limits — on purpose?⁣ ⁣ This is an exact copy of the liquid hydrogen tank used on our Space Launch System (@NASA_SLS) rocket, which will fly #artemis missions to the Moon. A team from @NASA_Marshall and Boeing put the tank in a 215-foot-tall test stand, fitted it with sensors and simulated the stress a rocket will experience during launch and flight. ⁣ ⁣ After millions of pounds of compression, tension and bending forces — 260% more than expected flight loads — engineers detected a buckling point, which then ruptured. "This data will benefit all aerospace companies designing rocket tanks,” said the SLS tank's lead engineer. This test will help safely and efficiently evolve the rocket's design for future space missions. ⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA ⁣ ⁣ #nasa #spacelaunchsystem #moon #deepspace #pushit
🔎 ☁️ Zoom in to Jupiter's clouds with our @NASAJuno mission! ⁣ ⁣ This image was taken by the spacecraft as it flew just 3,200 miles (5,200 km) from the giant planet's northern latitudes during a close flyby on Nov. 3, 2019. Small pop-up storms can also be seen rising above the lighter areas of the clouds, most noticeably on the right side of the image. ⁣ ⁣ Citizen scientist Björn Jónsson created this image using data from the spacecraft's JunoCam imager.⁣ ⁣ #jupiter #juno #nasa #clouds #storms #closeup
Behold: The beauty of our home planet! 😍  On this day in 1972, this view of Earth was seen by our Apollo 17 crew members as they traveled toward the Moon. This translunar coast photograph extends from the Mediterranean Sea area to the Antarctica south polar ice cap, marking the first time the Apollo trajectory made it possible to photograph the south polar ice cap.  Credit: NASA  #nasa #bluemarble #homesweethome #planetearth #apollo
Hubble, Hubble, Hubble can’t you see? Sometimes your photos just hypnotize me. 🌀⁣⁣⠀⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ ⁣ Outright mesmerizing, this spiral galaxy (NGC 5468) was captured in beautiful detail by our @NASAHubble Telescope. See those REALLY bright lights? Those are dying stars. ⁣ ⁣ ⁣ Such events create catastrophic explosions known as supernovae, which are some of the most dramatic occurrences in the universe. By either depleting their fuel and collapsing inward or siphoning mass off a companion object and igniting runaway nuclear fusion, they result in intensely bright objects that can rival the light of a whole galaxy. Can you spot the supernovae in this spiral galaxy? ⁣⁣⠀⁣ ⁣⁣⠀⁣ Image credit: @europeanspaceagency/Hubble & NASA, W. Li et al⁣⁣⠀⁣ ⁣⁣⠀⁣ #nasa #dramatic #galaxy #biggie #stars #shinebright⁣⁣⠀⁣
Turn the sound on and hear the roar of a Dragon taking flight 🔥🐉⁣ ⁣ A @SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft is on its way to the @iss after launching from Cape Canaveral, Florida, at 12:29 p.m. EST on Thursday, Dec. 5. Dragon will arrive Sunday, Dec. 8, delivering more than 5,700 pounds of crew supplies and science investigations, including studies of malting barley in microgravity, the spread of fire, and bone and muscle loss. ⁣ ⁣  #tamethebeast #nasa #spacex #dragon #space #rocketlaunch
On top of the world. ⁣ ⁣ On Dec. 2, NASA astronaut Andrew Morgan snapped a photo of the the Earth 250 miles (~400 km) below him. He was embarking on the third spacewalk to upgrade the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer’s (AMS) thermal pump system.⁣ ⁣ The AMS is designed to measure antimatter in cosmic rays, which helps us search for evidence of dark matter. ⁣ ⁣  Image Credit: NASA/Andrew Morgan (@astrodrewmorgan)⁣ ⁣ #nasa #views #ontopoftheworld
Behold: the cosmic fire of creation. ⁣ ⁣ Popularly called the Orion Nebula, this stellar nursery has been known to many different cultures throughout human history. Located inside the constellation Orion, M42 can be spotted with the naked eye, while offering an excellent peek at stellar birth for those with telescopes.⁣ ⁣ Want to know more? Click the link in bio ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA, ESA, M. Robberto (Space Telescope Science Institute/ESA) and the @NASAHubble Space Telescope Orion Treasury Project Team⁣ ⁣ #nasa #orion #cosmic
Would you be mine? Could you be mine? Won't you be my neighbor?👋 ⁣ ⁣ While many galaxies live solitary lives, others interact with a neighbor galaxy, like this duo spotted by our @NASAHubble Space Telescope over 250 million light-years from Earth. ⁣ ⁣ These neighbors are interacting in the cosmos, with their mutual gravitational attraction pulling wisps of gas and streams of dust from them, distorting their shapes, and gently smudging and blurring their appearances on the sky — to Earth-based observers, at least. Thanks to Hubble, our view of the universe and our place within it has never been the same.⁣ ⁣ Image credit: @EuropeanSpaceAgency/Hubble & NASA, K. Larson et al.⁣ ⁣ #nasa #space #neighborhoodwatch #cosmos #hubble
Are you throwing all your money into a black hole today?⁣ ⁣ Forget Black Friday — celebrate #blackholefriday with us and get sucked into this recent discovery of a black hole that may have sparked star births across multiple galaxies. ⁣ ⁣ If confirmed, this discovery would represent the widest reach ever seen for a black hole acting as a stellar kick-starter — enhancing star formation more than one million light-years away. ⁣ ⁣ Telescopes like @nasachandraxray help us detect the X-rays produced by hot gas swirling around the black hole. Click the link in the bio to learn more. ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/INAF/R. Gilli et al.; Radio NRAO/VLA; Optical: NASA/STScI⁣ ⁣ #nasa #blackhole #starbirth
Looking back at Jupiter's chaotic southern hemisphere...🌀⁣ ⁣ After a close flyby of Jupiter on Nov. 3, 2019, our @nasajuno spacecraft's JunoCam captured this striking view of the giant planet, showing massive cyclones and chaotic clouds. When the image was taken, Juno was traveling at about 85,000 mph (137,000 kilometers per hour) relative to the planet. A little more than an hour earlier — at the point of closest approach to the cloud tops — the spacecraft reached speeds relative to Jupiter in excess of 130,000 mph (209,000 kilometers per hour).⁣ ⁣ Citizen scientist Ali Abbasi created this image using data from the spacecraft's JunoCam imager. ⁣ ⁣ Image data: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS⁣ Image processing by AliAbbasiPov, © CC BY⁣ ⁣ #jupiter #planets #solarsystem #nasa #juno #clouds
Spider webs. Shattered glass. Fractal art. ⁣ ⁣ What does this image evoke for you? This photo was captured by NASA astronaut Jessica Meir as the International Space Station (@ISS) orbited ~250 miles (~400 km) over London’s glittery nightscape.⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA/Jessica Meir⁣ ⁣ #nasa #space #london
*Record scratch, freeze frame*⁣ ⁣ You're probably wondering how I ended up in this situation...⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ On a Nov. 22 spacewalk, @europeanspaceagency astronaut Luca Parmitano caught a ride over to the worksite outside the International Space Station (@ISS) aboard the station's robotic arm. Known as Canadarm2, the robotic arm was operated from inside the station by astronaut Jessica Meir. At the worksite, Parmitano and fellow spacewalker Andrew Morgan (@AstroDrewMorgan) performed repairs on the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer instrument, a cosmic particle detector. Repairs continue in the next spacewalk on Monday, Dec. 2.⁣ ⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA & ESA⁣ ⁣⁣ #spacewalk #astronaut #robots #nasa #esa⁣
🎶 Baby stars! 🎶 ✨ This galaxy might be bursting with star formation and stellar newborns. ⁣ ⁣ Our @NASAHubble space telescope turned its powerful eye towards galaxy NGC 3749, over 135 million light-years away from Earth. This galaxy shows strong emission lines (signs of emission from elements within a galaxy's spectrum of light), suggesting that it has plenty of star-forming material and energetic new stars. ⁣ ⁣ This study technique, known as spectroscopy, is used by astronomers to understand a galaxy’s type and composition, the density and temperature of any emitting gas, the star formation rate, or how massive the galaxy’s central black hole might be. ⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, D. Rosario et al.⁣ ⁣ #hubble #galaxy #babies #stars #universe #esa #nasa
Did this debris shield spark joy?⁣ ⁣ Sometimes you need to let go of what no longer serves you!⁣ ⁣ On the first spacewalk to repair the International Space Station's cosmic particle detector, @AstroDrewMorgan and @europeanspaceagency astronaut Luca Parmitano removed a debris shield to access the work site. It was too big to take inside, so the best option was to jettison it behind @iss, where it will disintegrate in the upper atmosphere. This video was taken on Nov. 15.⁣ ⁣ On Friday, Nov. 22, the two astronauts will once again venture into the vacuum of space to resume repair work on the particle detector, called the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer. Watch live coverage starting at 5:30am ET on nasa.gov/live.⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA/Andrew Morgan⁣ ⁣ #nasa #declutter #sparkjoy #takeoutthetrash
It may look like a veiny eyeball, but Jupiter's moon Europa is more than meets the eye. 👁️⁣ ⁣  For the first time, scientists have detected water vapor above the icy moon's surface, giving us further evidence that oceans of liquid water may exist beneath Europa's crust. ⁣ ⁣ 💧 Water is one of the main ingredients necessary for life, making Europa an alluring destination for exploration. Scientists will soon be able get close enough to this intriguing moon to settle their lingering questions. The Europa Clipper mission, expected to launch in the mid-2020s, will survey the moon up close and sample molecules in its atmosphere.⁣ ⁣ Seen here is a view of Europa made from images taken by the Galileo spacecraft in the late 1990s during a flyby. ⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SETI Institute⁣ ⁣ #nasa #europa #jupiter #space #science #astronomy #solarsystem #h2whoa
Finally. ⁣ ⁣ After decades of searching, astronomers have found what they’ve been looking for: a galaxy cluster where large numbers of stars are being born at its core. ⁣ ⁣ Galaxy clusters are the largest structures in the cosmos that are held together by gravity, consisting of hundreds or thousands of galaxies. For decades, astronomers have looked for galaxy clusters containing rich nurseries of stars. Instead, they found powerful, giant black holes pumping out energy and keeping the gas too warm to form many stars. Until now. ⁣ ⁣ Data from @NASAHubble and @nasachandraxray is revealing new details about how the most massive black holes in the universe affect their host galaxies. Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/G.Schellenberger et al.; Optical:SDSS⁣ ⁣ #nasa #galaxycluster #blackholes
No matter the similarities and differences, every galaxy is beautiful in its own way. 💜 💫⁣ ⁣ In this image from @NASAHubble, we see a galaxy very similar to our own Milky Way. NGC 772 is a spiral galaxy. From a glowing center, bright specks of star formation weave into dark ripples of cosmic dust. ⁣ ⁣ NGC 772 differs from our home galaxy in that it’s a “peculiar” spiral galaxy — meaning it is odd in size, shape or composition. However, this doesn't change how stunningly beautiful it is. ⁣ ⁣ Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Seth et al.⁣ ⁣ #galaxy #nasa #beautyiseverywhere⁣
Our scientists launched rockets from the top of the world! 🌎🚀 In the tiny Arctic town of Ny-Ålesund, where polar bears outnumber people, winter means three months without sunlight. The unending darkness is ideal for those who seek a strange breed of northern lights, normally obscured by daylight. When these unusual auroras shine, Earth’s atmosphere leaks into space.  Our scientists traveled to Ny-Ålesund to launch rockets through these auroras and witness oxygen particles right in the middle of their escape. Piercing these fleeting auroras, some 300 miles high, would require strategy, patience — and a fair bit of luck. This was our VISIONS-2 mission, and this is their story.  VISIONS-2 was just the first of many. Over the coming months, rocket teams from all over the world will launch rockets into this region as part of the Grand Challenge Initiative—Cusp, an international collaboration to study the mysteries of the polar atmosphere.  Read more: https://go.nasa.gov/VISIONS2blog  #nasa #space #rocketscience #rocketlaunch #science
5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0... Lift-off! 🚀 ⛈️ 50 years ago, Apollo 12 launched into a dark and rainy morning sky. ⁣ ⁣ With Apollo 12 at about 6,600 feet altitude, observers on the ground saw lightning striking the launch pad. The Saturn V rocket was unaffected and continued to operate normally. But in Mission Control, data on controllers’ displays turned garbled. Luckily, a quick-thinking flight controller, John Aaron, had a fix. The crew onboard the spacecraft reset an obscure system, and data returned to the screens in Mission Control. Once Apollo 12 mission commander Pete Conrad understood the cause of the excitement, he radioed to Houston, “I think we need to do a little more all-weather testing.” ⁣ ⁣ Five days later on Nov. 19, 1969, the Apollo 12 lunar module Intrepid landed on the Moon in a region called the Ocean of Storms, approximately 950 miles west of where Apollo 11 landed and only 535 feet from our robotic Surveyor III mission.⁣ ⁣ Images Credit: NASA⁣ ⁣ #apollo #apollo12 #launch #rocket #nasa #history #saturnv
Tiny planet Mercury transits the Sun 👀⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ On Nov. 11, Mercury crossed between Earth and the Sun - a rare event we won't be able to see again until 2032. Our Solar Dynamics Observatory, which views the Sun in a variety of wavelengths of light in the extreme ultraviolet, tracked Mercury's journey.⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Credit: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ #sun #transit #mercury #mercurytransit #solarsystem #nasa